How legalized marijuana is posing problems for DUI charges

The legalization of marijuana in the US remains a hot-button issue, despite ongoing progress toward both medical and recreational legalization in numerous US states. There are those who believe that people should have the right to smoke marijuana if they choose, while others see it as a public health concern.

Opponents insist that there are many reasons that recreational use of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica should remain illegal, mainly due to the belief that cannabis use is a gateway drug that could lead to future experimentation with “harder” drugs that have more pronounced safety risks and addiction potential. But, despite the years of anti-drug PSAs and “gateway drug” rhetoric, the science is just not there to make those type of assertions. In fact, many of the typical arguments against marijuana legalization don’t necessarily hold up to scientific scrutiny, implying that it would be ill-advised to allow such assumptions to influence decisions about legalization or criminalization.

Today, several US states have legalized recreational marijuana use. This has brought up the issue of driving while intoxicated. When you drink alcohol, there is a clear definition in place to define who is intoxicated, and who is not, and how to proceed with prosecution. Field sobriety tests, breathalyzers, blood tests, and other means can prove that someone is acutely intoxicated with ethanol. Studies have been done for decades to determine at what point someone is impaired after drinking alcohol, and a blood alcohol content of 0.08 is widely accepted as the standard threshold at which a typical person with a normal alcohol tolerance can be reasonably assumed to be impaired by alcohol’s effects.

Although each person is different, the standard threshold of a BAC of 0.08 is based on decades of research and careful consideration by both legislators and the public.  There is reasonable confidence in the statement that when a person’s blood alcohol content reaches this threshold, their ability to drive is impaired.

Being under the influence of marijuana is different. There are no clear boundaries set for when someone is impaired while under the influence. The science, in its infancy, is simply not there to make determinations about how to set standards, test, or to be certain that someone is under the influence and a danger when behind the wheel. While alcohol intoxication is something that you can test for, on the spot, there’s no established way of verifying, for sure, that a person is under the effects of cannabis.

As states like California and Colorado have legalized recreational marijuana use, there are still many questions about the active ingredient, THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), and how it may or may not impair someone’s ability to drive or operate a motor vehicle.

Government agencies have determined a threshold for THC in the blood, as a guide to determine who is intoxicated and who is not. But, the truth is that there is just no scientific data that those boundaries are based on anything concrete.

Without much time to distinguish how the body reacts to THC both physically and mentally, much more time is needed to research marijuana effects before it can legislated. The problem is that there simply isn’t enough time for law enforcement to wait. Without anything to guide them, making a case against someone who may be endangering themselves or the public remains all but impossible. At the same time, it can be reasonably assumed that the effects of cannabis on cognition and perception probably aren’t conducive to good driving.

The body processes alcohol very differently from the way that it does THC. Alcohol is a substance that is metabolized by the body at a quicker rate after ingestion. The problem with THC is that it doesn’t metabolize quickly. Even the best dui attorney in the city will verify that you may still have THC in your blood long after you have ingested it. That may put people at a disadvantage when it comes to using blood to test for impairment and conviction. Someone who smoked or ingested marijuana three days ago may still have detectable metabolites in their body, but may not feel the effects at all.

THC may be present in the body long after it has any effect on your motor or mental skills. That means that even if you are tested for THC, the results may say nothing about your impairment at the time of testing. It suggests that you have used marijuana in the relatively recent past, but has no relation to the here and now. Because detectable cannabinoid metabolites are present in the body long after the substance’s effects have subsided, it’s difficult to use blood testing to determine whether a person is currently intoxicated, or was intoxicated at a particular time.

The second problem is that every body metabolizes pot differently. Some people will have a high concentration in their blood well after ingesting it, and will show no effect, while others may have very little and may be highly intoxicated. That negates any real or standard way to test effectively for intoxication time-specifically. Blood, hair, or urine tests cannot reliably determine the recency, frequency, or amount of use.

Until the science catches up, using THC levels to indicate a person’s level of impairment is simply a guessing game, and has no basis on anything real or concrete. The best way to test for impairment is a field sobriety test, but law enforcement may have their hands tied. A more subjective way to prove guilt, the convictions don’t hold up as well in court when challenged.

As more states legalize marijuana, convicting people of DUIs for marijuana use will remain a shaky science at best. Only time will tell if some real and scientific thresholds can be found, but the reality is that testing someone’s blood simply isn’t going to cut it. This is a matter of concern, because the known effects of cannabis do include things that could potentially impair a person’s ability to drive normally.

Role of a Forensic Psychiatrist

The forensic psychiatrist is a medical doctor who hasmajor specialization in psychiatry and sub specialization in the area of forensic psychiatry. The forensic psychiatrists work in a close association with the legal bodies to  figure out the capability of the opposite party, that is the defendant, help solving crime cases, offer expert witness testimony in the court, treat mental illness in criminals, offer recommendations for defense tactics and sentencing and so on.

The psychiatrists are physicians who have their specialization in the field of mental health. Reminiscent ofpsychologists, psychiatrists figure out assessments pertaining to the mental health of the patients, but the psychiatrists have an extra qualification, that is of a medical doctor. The forensic psychiatrists apply their skills and knowledge in legal matters.

According to the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (AAPL), forensic psychiatry constitutes both clinical practice as well as researchundertakings. On one hand, the forensic psychiatrists specialize in the juncturearea of law and mental health;on the other hand, the psychiatrists specialize in other spheres. Still the psychiatristsmay find themselves dealing with issues related to the law.

The AAPL considers the below mentioned areas in which forensic psychiatrists might get involved with legal matters:

  1. Correctional psychiatry
  2. Determining mental competence to stand trial
  3. Family law, including custody issues
  4. Involuntary commitment

A forensic psychiatrist can be responsible for duties associatedto legalactions. The AAPL impliesthat these expertsmay sometimes be answerableto legal research ongoing.

As per Greater Long Island Psychiatric Society’s (GLIPS) reporton forensic psychiatry, the forensic psychiatrists can utilized in both cases of civil as well as criminal. According to the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) that forensic psychiatrists are allowed to work with convictsin jails, prisons, and other mental healthaccommodations. The GLIPS considers the following duties typical for forensic psychiatrists professionals:

  1. Parental competency evaluations
  2. Assessmentof discretemental fitness for conservatorships
  3. Psychiatric malpractice and negligence assessment
  4. Psychiatric disability assessmentfor worker’s reimbursementor personal grievancecases
  5. Evaluation of releasefor insanity appeal.

For quality forensic psychiatry services get in touch with fpamed today!

Hire a Personal Injury Lawyerin Ottawa

Well, personal injury lawyer is considered as a follower of legal law who provides legal representation to the common people who claim that they are injured in an accident and ask for help to overcome from the case. The lawyers that we appoint in Diamond & Diamond are experienced and trained so that they can handle the cases of their desired clients smartly. We provide our lawyers with law license to practice law in any field that wraps, work injuries, automobile and other injuries. They are strictly ordered to follow all the legal practice of the law firm. It is said that the law of varies from country to country and state to state.

Have you or your loved one experienced an accident caused by a motorist? No worries, our legal firm Diamond & Diamond Personal Injury Lawyers will provide you the best Personal Injury Lawyers Ottawa to handle your case.

In Diamond & Diamond, we hold a tight team of lawyers who can deliver their law skill to their clients and fight for their legal representation. Our lawyers are skilled, trustworthy and dedicated. They have gained many awards like the Consumer Choice Awards and multiple Readers’ Choice Awards.

They have also fought many legal cases like the York University campus shooting and the famous UBERX taxi case worldwide. Additionally, we have also campaigned for the well-being of the crowd and initiated them to use helmet while driving bicycle.  We have a record of handling more than 1000 cases, which includes; car accidents, motorcycle accidents, Bus and OC Transport accidents, ATV accidents, bicycle accidents and pedestrian accidents. We take each case seriously and hand    le it with due care and responsibilities and try to achieve the desired compensation of the victim.

We don’t ask or demand for any money unless and until we win the case. We are very reliable in our work. Our experience lawyers work closely with doctors, rehabilitation clinics, social workers, hospitals, physiotherapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, occupational, etc. We really care for our clients and make sure that our personal injury clients are getting the care they require during the treatment.

We also take the privilege to travel to any place of Ontario to look after our clients to see whether they are getting the proper care and treatment or not. We really get attached to our clients.

We provide personal Injury support line 24-Hr a day and are open in all the days. If our clients face any problem regarding money, there is nothing to worry, we provide lawyers to our clients according to their power and capacity.

If you face any of accidents related to personal injury, don’t hesitate. Just pick your phone and call us. We will provide you with the best lawyers of your choice. Call us and make an appointment to know more about our services. And give us a chance to serve you. You can refer our firm to your loved ones and give our Personal Injury Lawyers Ottawa an opportunity to handle your valuable case.


Aviation Law – The Basics You Should Know

Many times, lawsuits are complicated but when you are talking about aviation lawsuits, the situation can be even more complicated. This is the reason why you need to hire an expert that specializes in this area of law that will be able to help with insurance to make sure you are covered in the event of anaccident.

With aviation law, many aspects need to be taking into consideration. This includes procedural issues when international flights were involved or taxation issues when buying an aircraft.

Aviation law is a specialized field and an aviation lawyer represents families in the tragic effect of an airplane crash. You need a specialist on your side when you are the family member or an accident victim and when you are fighting for justice and looking for answers.

An aviation lawyer is also a professional that will assists when you are buying an aircraft that needs to be insured.

General aviation rules are subjective to most civilian uses of aircraft. This, however, does exclude an aircraft operated by the military or major airlines that transport cargo or passengers. General aircraft also does not include commercial aircraft operation that is controlled by a carrier.

Aspects of General Aviation Insurance Rules

Insurance is required in general aviation and the proof of the insurance has to be presented in the plane. The fact is that when you insure your plane, you need to make sure that you have insured the planned flight and/or equipment for the correct amount. This amount is determined by the categorization of the aircraft.

Some of the insurance requirements of all general aviation are common, regardless of what aircraft you may own. One example is hangar insurance. You also might have to obtain insurance for a place you use as storage or that you use for maintenance proposes.

In the case where you do not own a plane but leases it, the leasing company might have their own set of requirements that they demand in terms of insurance coverages that have to be met.

You also have to keep in mind that some aircraft like “ultralights” are not officially classified as an aircraft according to the FAA but seen as vehicles. These aircraft will have special insurance rules you have to look at when purchasing one.

International Liability Insurance

If you are flying outside the US, you are going to pay more for insurance and the insurance requirements do become more complicated. Now, insurance values are calculated in SDRs (International Monetary Funds), which increased insurance rates substantially. In the European Union and Canada, you have to pay at least one million US dollars for a minimum liability cover, based on the lightest aircraft possible while the heaviest general aviation plane will make you cough up more than $116 million for liability cover.

When you are thinking of purchasing an aircraft or you need insurance advice on general aviation, retain the services of an aviation lawyer. This step will save you money and headaches in the feature.

Tips for Finding the Best Criminal Defense Lawyer

You are facing one of the most trying situations anyone can face. You have been arrested and are facing serious criminal charges. How can you make the best of a bad situation? If you are able to find a great criminal defense lawyer, that is going to be half the battle. But how do you know if the lawyer you are looking at will be up to the task?


Finding the Right Lawyer

To begin with, you can throw those flyers away that show up at your doorstep. Any criminal lawyer worth his salt will not find you with a flyer. This kind of advertising is often done by new lawyers looking for low hanging fruit. They are not experienced enough to help you. There are a few other things you need to know if you want to find the right lawyer for your situation.

You need to find out if the lawyer you are considering has a good reputation. That can be done by investigating the law firm online. You also want to make sure the she or he specializes in criminal law. This means that they only do criminal law and don’t work in other legal areas such as family law or business law. Finally, make sure that your lawyer currently works in the area where you will be tried. If they do then they will be familiar with the local judges and will know just what to expect from the judge and prosecuting attorney for your case.

How Many Cases Can Your Lawyer Handle?

Knowing the case load of your lawyer can be an important part of the picture. If they don’t have very many cases that may indicate they aren’t that good at what they do. On the other hand, a good lawyer will be busy, perhaps too busy to pay enough attention to your case. Finding that “Goldilocks zone” can be tricky but worth the effort.

You also have to keep in mind that with a big legal firm much of your case will probably be handed over to legal assistants. This is a good thing because it will keep your costs down. However, it will also mean you need to pay attention to what they are doing since they will not be actual lawyers. Sometimes a smaller firm will be more deeply involved in your case, and if so you should know this.

Don’t Put Off Finding a Lawyer

We are all guilty of putting off an unpleasant task from time to time. But if you delay when it comes to finding the right lawyer the cost could be high. You want to give the lawyer you find as much time as possible to research your case and find whatever relevant legal avenues they can. If you put off finding a lawyer because you simply don’t want to face the truth of this situation, you could in the end pay for it with more prison time.

All of these are good reasons to take your search to a criminal lawyer who is smart, dedicated and will give you the best possible outcome. It will require some dedication on your own part, both for finding the right lawyer and for making sure they have all the information they need. When you do your part, they can do their part well.

Sherwood park lawyers

Individuals in need of a local corporate lawyer have to hire the best firms who specialize in this field of law. Whether you need to hire a corporate lawyer to help you fight a lawsuit you are involved in, to fight a worker comp claim, or simply to assist you with tax issues, there are a number of local firms you can rely on for corporate related legal matter. With this said, some firms are better qualified to assist you as a client than others are going to be. So, how do you choose the right firm, and what should you look for when trying to find the top corporate lawyer to hire as a business owner.


For individuals who are dealing with estate and will related matters, finding the best local Sherwood Park estate lawyer is extremely important. In addition to hiring the local Sherwood Park estate lawyer who has years of experience in the field, you also have to consider their level of expertise, the type of will and estate matters they deal with, and whether they work with corporate or individual clients, so that you find the most qualified law firm to handle the legal matters you are dealing with as a client.

These are only a few of the types of legal matter you might be dealing with, when you need to hire a local lawyer. So, whether it is a corporate related matter, wills and trusts, estate, personal injuries, or any other type of legal case or battle you are dealing with, it is important to ensure you hire the top lawyers, and those which specialize in that area of the law, if you want to be properly represented. So, taking the time to compare top firms, use referral sites, and rely on local reviews, are some of the many things you can do, to ensure you do hire the top firm to handle your case. By comparing some of the best local offices, learning what they can guarantee to you as a client, and comparing the work they are going to do, for the fees which they are going to charge, you are going to find the top legal teams, as well as the best rates, for any and all legal assistance you are going to require, regardless of the area of law you need assistance with.

Because there are dozens of local firms claiming to be the best and specialize in a specific area of the law, the only way to find the right one to defend you, is to compare the work they do, their qualifications, and to rely on the use of referrals locally. All of these things will help you to find the best legal team and right firm to handle your case. Further, you can compare top firms, their rates, and work they are going to perform, so that you eventually hire the most qualified firm, and the one which will do the work for the best price for clients.

Personal injury is a Right

So many times I see on television a number of people doing things or activities to the detriment of their health and wellbeing. On television and/or U-Tube it all looks rather exciting but the truth is that if you think about the nitty gritty of the whole activity, it is rather scary.

I agree that living one’s life to the fullest is the best thing that one can do in their lives but most times I sit on my couch and wonder what the individuals that participate in such are thinking.

At least they provide jobs to the healthcare systems as well as other parties concerned.

Now enough about those that go looking for trouble and concentrate on those that are just unlucky or clumsy. Ones who are unfortunate enough to get injured while at work, on the road or wherever doing whatever.

Many work their whole lives to provide for their families and also at the same time worry about their wellbeing as they go about their variousjobs and activities in life.

And Ontario, beautiful as it is and fulfilling as it can be living in it, has its own challenges too. People are always busy and end up being careless, putting other people’s lives in danger like in many parts of the world.

Good thing there are various personal injury lawyers in Toronto as well as personal injury lawyers in Mississauga not forgetting the rest spread out all over Ontario.

And personal injury lawyers like Markham that cater to those that face such tragedies. Personal injury lawyer Markham is top rated in their field and is always readily available to provide legal support to their clients and walk the trying journey with them to get justice.

And please personal injury claims are only for the chosen few. I mean those who been injured physically, emotionally and or mentally and usually because of the negligence of someone else.

So all you busy bodies that want to claim the next the next spot in the Guinness Book of Records or just provide a few laughs for the likes of me, you will have a hard time claiming that it is someone’s fault.

As for those who have been in say accidents of any kind – be it on the road or at work, and have lost all hope of recovering their losses and are still fighting to hang onto their thread of life, look no further.

Check out any of the law firms spread across Ontario for one that provides services of personal injury. I am sure that you will find one out there that fits your needs perfectly as well as your budget.

Do not lose hope and fight for your rights everyday of your life for many are out there slacking in their duties all in a bid to fill their bank accounts that they forget that you as their employee are in their care. And because of that, you deserve the best.

Right time to invest in India’s property sector

The Indian property sector has been a great place to invest in for a couple of decades now. There has been some massive growth and development in the country and the economy, making sure that all the industries are doing well. The real estate industry is no different. Here are some of the reasons as to why this is the perfect time to invest in the real estate of the country.

  1. The betterment of lifestyle:

About three to four decades ago, India was not the country which has the attention of the world market. As development and education took place, the lifestyle and living standards of the country has increased. As of now, India is a place which can cater to all kinds of businesses and people from the world.

Even if one goes to buy a property, he can have all the facilities and amenities that he is looking for.

  1. The booming real estate market:

Be it the betterment of construction, or the appreciation of rates; the real estate market of the country has been making progress like none other. There are builders and developers are making sure that they keep in alignment with the world standards of construction and are also providing value for money to the people.

With better infrastructural developments, even a property in Delhi, which is a two-tier city close to Gurgaon, can be considered to be a luxurious living and will make you rich.

  1. The presence of the smaller cities:

While the major cities of the country are growing like a forest fire, the prices of land and all other real estate commodities are increasing as well. This may not be the ideal situation for the people who want to invest but do not have that kind of money. India is a country which will serve the interested real estate investors from all walks of life.

The smaller cities make it easier for the people to invest and get returns out of cheaper property and make sure that they have a growing asset value.

  1. Luxury living:

This is another one of the reasons as to why one would want to invest in India. The builders and developers in the country are making sure that they are providing the people with the best living. While real estate is always an investment, there are many who buy it because they want to live in their assets and want to have a good lifestyle.

While these opportunities are available to the people, they can always invest in the country for the same.

One needs to understand the market and also the overall growth of the market to make sure that the decision that they make is a good one and also reaps them enough benefits from the same. The real estate market of the country is overall a good place to invest in, but investors will have to look at the dynamics of the market of the city that they are looking to invest in. This is going to lead to a sound decision and no wastage of money.

For latest news on luxury living –

4Exciting New Careers that didn’t exist in 2000

Business has changed in the last ten years giving rise to not only a new way of working but a slew of exciting new career options. 40-year olds would be amazed by the careers advice being given to students contemplating their subject choices. Thinking of a change? Here are four exciting jobs that didn’t exist a decade ago.

App Developer

Apps are more than merely big business, they’re huge! Create an app that captures the collective smartphone users’ imagination and you could say hello to a whole lot of money. Dong Nguyen is a clear example of how something simple – Flappy Birds, which he created in just a few days – can change your life. It became a worldwide sensation in 2014, earning Nguyen around £30,000 a day from both sales and in-app advertising. He is by no means alone, so if you want to be an app developer, learn a language (HTML5 or CSS is a good place to start) and get creative.

new careers

SEO Analyst

Virtually every business, from an individual freelancer to global conglomerate, has a website. Website development is nothing new, but with so many sites out there, people need to be competitively clued up about content in order for people to be able to find their blogs. SEO stands for Search Engine Optimisation, and is the process of making a site as visible to search engines like Google and Bing. If you imagine the internet as a motorway, you want your customers to be zipping along in fast lane to your door, not stuck behind a convoy of caravans! There are some courses you can take to become an SEO analyst, but you can start with free resources online to see if you like it.

Social Media Marketing Manager

If you love tweeting, spend your life on Facebook, and upload pictures every meal to Instagram, beinga Social Media Marketing Manager is the ideal job for you. Building an online profile takes time, skill and commitment to the brand. It helps to have experience in marketing, but what is more important is knowing what people want to see and optimising your posts to get it in front of them. Social Media Marketing can be done from anywhere in the world at any time of day. Develop your skills by building your own social media profile, then start looking for clients.

YouTube Star

It used to be that you had to go through rigorous audition processes to get a job on TV or in films. Then came Big Brother and other reality TV shows, where personality rather than talent was required. With YouTube, you don’t need an agent, a script, or a degree in performing arts. All you need is a webcam and something interesting to say. Stampylongnose, aka Joseph Garrett, has 4.5 million subscribers to his YouTube channel, where he, and sometimes his friends, commentates as they play computer games like Minecraft. It’s estimated he earns around £200,000 a month from advertising revenue – not bad for a 24-year old!

Some careers will never go out of style, such as being a solicitor. Most lawyers are utterly professional, however if you’re unhappy with how your solicitor has handled your case, get in touch with SOS Claims for their expert support.

Information Your Work Injury Lawyer May Require

If you have sustained an accident at work, you may be considering making a claim. However, these types of claims can be a little complicated but if you prepare for your meeting with a work injury lawyer, you should find the process runs far smoother.

Details of Any Injuries:
Your work injury lawyer will require details of any injuries you sustained from your accident. You may find that by the time you meet with your lawyer, your recovery may have already begun, so it is important to document your injuries with photographs and medical records.

Be Ready to Describe Your Pain to the Work Place Lawyer:
Your work place lawyer is likely to ask you a number of questions about the pain you have experienced following the accident and during your recovery process. You should consider keeping a pain journal which allows you to document the different types of pain such as cramping, stabbing, throbbing, aching or burning sensations. A pain journal will also allow you to document how frequently you have experienced pain and the intensity of the sensation.

The After Effects of Your Accident:
Your work place lawyer will also need to know how the accident has affected you. If you are no longer able to perform certain physical activities or hobbies which you enjoyed before the accident, you should inform your lawyer. If you have been forced to change any long term plans as a result of your injury this is also important.

Your work place lawyer is familiar with all aspect of personal injury and will be able to guide you through the process. However, in order to expedite the process, it is important that your lawyer has all of the relevant details. Therefore, you should document exactly how your injury has affected you and the pain you have experienced.